Arctic Expeditions

Arctic and Sub-Arctic expedition chronology:

Including Northwest Passage, Arctic, Scientific, Relief, and Polar Expeditions.

1576 Sir Martin Frobisher (N. W. Passage Expedition)

1587 John Davis Expedition (West Greenland), (Discovered Davis Straight) (73.12N)

1594 William Parents (sometimes listed as Barentz) (Near Cape Nassau N. Z.), (77.20N)

1596 J. C. Ryp and Jacob Heemskerck, (Spitzbergen), (79.49N)

1602 Captains Weymouth and Knight (N. W. Passage Expedition)

1607 Henry Hudson (E. Spitzbergen Sea), (80.23N)

1612 Sir Thomas Bultow, (N. W. Passage Expedition)

1616 William Baffin (Smith Sound), (discovered Baffin Bay) (77.45N)

1632 Foxe Expedition, (N. W. Passage Expedition)

1746 Middleton Expedition, (N. W. Passage Expedition)

1769 John Hearne Expedition

1773 J. W. Phipps (Lord Mulgrave) (Spitzbergen Sea), (80.48N)

1776 Captain James Cook (N. W. Passage Expedition), Ships: Resolution and Discovery

1789 Mackenzie (discovered mouth of Mackenzie River), (N. W. Passage Expedition)

1790 Captain Duncan, (N. W. Passage Expedition)

1793 Captain Vancouver, (N. W. Passage Expedition), Ship: Resolution

1806 Captain Scoresby (whaler, first ship to sail into Polar Sea), (81.30N)

1815 Lieutanant Kotzebue, (N. W. Passage Expedition)

1818 John Ross, ships: Isabella and Alexander

1819 Parry’s First Voyage, Lieutenant Lindon, ships: Hecla and Griper

1819 Franklin’s First Expedition, Captain Buchan, ships: Dorothea and Trent

1821 Parry’s Second Expedition, Captain Lyon, (N. W. Passage Expedition)ships: Hecla and Fury

1824 Parry’s Third Voyage, (82.45N), (N. W. Passage Expedition)ships: Hecla and Fury

1825 Franklin’s Second Expedition, Captain Lyon, (N. W. Passage Expedition)

1827 Parry Expedition (said to have rrived within 435 miles of North Pole) ship: Helca

1829 John Ross Expedition, (N. W. Passage Expedition)ship: Victory

1833 Back’s Expedition, (N. W. Passage Expedition) (explored Great fish River)

1836 Back’s Voyage, ship: Terror

1845 Franklin Expedition, ships: Erebus and Terror

1848 Collison and Sir (Rodrick) McClure, HMS Enterprise, HMS Investgator Franklin Relief Expeditions

1848 More and Maguire, (search for Franklin), ship: Plover

1848 Sir J. Richardson and Dr. Rae, (search for Franklin)

1848 Ross Expedition, (search for Franklin)

1848 Kellett Expedition, (search for Franklin)

1849 Saunders Expediton, (search for Franklin)

1850 Austin and Ommaney Expedition, (search for Franklin)

1850 Penny Expedition, (search for Franklin)

1850 Ross Expedition, (search for Franklin)

1852 E. A. Inglefield, (78.28N)

1852 Belcher Expedition, (search for Franklin)

1852 Osborn Expedition,(search for Franklin)

1853 Dr. Elisha Kent Kane Expedition, (80.10N), ship: Advance, Franklin search expedition

1861 I. I. Hayes Expedition, (80.11N)

1868 Nordenskiold and Otter Expedition, (81.42N)

1871 Hall’s Expedition, (82.11N) ship: Polaris

1874 Yeyprecht and Payer Expedition, (82.05N)

1875 G. S. Nares Expedition, (82.48N)

1876 G.S.Nares Expedition II, (83.20N)

1879 John Muir’s First Alaska Expedition

1879 George W. Delong’s Expedition, ship: Jeannette

1880 John Muir’s Second Alaska Expedition

1881 Greely Expedition, (83.24N), ship: Proteus

1890 John Muir’s Third Alaska Expedition

1892 Robert Peary Greenland Expedition

1893 Fridtjof Nansen’s Expedition, (86.04N), ship: Fram

1895 Fredrick G. Jackson Expedition

1900 R.E. Peary, (83.50N)

1901 Baldwin-Ziegler North Pole Expedition, ships: America, Fithjof, and Belgica

1902 R.E. Peary, (84.17N)

1905 Duke of the Abruzzi, Luigi Amadeo, Polar Expedition (86.34N)

1906 R.E.Peary, (87.06N)

1909 Robert Peary Polar Expedition, (90N), ship: Roosevelt

1909 Frederick Cook Polar Expedition, (90N)

1911 Albatross, Bureau of Fisheries, ship: Albatross

1913 Vilhjalmur Stefansson ships: Karluk, Mary Sachs, and Alaska

1925 Richard Byrd’s Greenland Expedition

1926 Richard Byrd’s North Pole Flight, (90N)

Expeditions 1926 to PresentSources:

Cookman, Scott. Ice Blink, The Tragic Fate Of Sir John Franklin’s Lost Polar Expedition. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2000. 186, Appendix II.

Guttridge, Leonard. Ghosts of Cape Sabine. New York:G. P.Putnam’s sons, 2000,135

Parry, Richard.  Trial by Ice, New York:Ballantine Books, 2001

McKinlay, William Laird.   Karluk, The Great Untold Story Of Arctic Exploration, New York:St. Martin’s Press, 1976, 19

Byrd, Richard.  To the Pole, the Diary And Notebook Of Richard Byrd, Edited by: Raimun E. Goerler, Ohio State University Press, 1998, 17 & 41

McSherry, Jack L., CQM/USN.  Things We Remember, 1966

Euller, John. Arctic World, London and New York: Abelard-Schuman, 1958, 16,21,22

Muir, John    Travels In Alaska, Boston & NewYork: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1915 & 1998, 3, 207,

Sargent, Epes. Arctic Adventure By Sea and Land, Boston: Phillips, Sampson & Company, 1857, 424

Mowbray, Jay Henry, Discovery of th North Pole By Cook and Peary, G.W. Berton, 1909 p. 20

Adams,W. H.Davenport, Glacier, Iceberg, Icefield, and Avalanche,London, T. Nelson and Sons Paternoster Row. 1880,

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